The following is a list of recent publications that have guided Laerdal’s strategy or been used by the authors in writing this book.

A list of all abbreviations used in the book can be found here.

A shared goal

Kruk ME, Gage AD, Joseph NT, Danaei G, Garcia-Saiso S, Salomon JA. Mortality due to low-quality health systems in the universal health coverage era: a systematic analysis of amenable deaths in 137 countries. Lancet 2018.

Population 2030: Demographic challenges and opportunities for sustainable development planning. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; 2015.

Norheim OF, Jha P, Admasu K, Godal T, Hum RJ , Kruk ME, Peto R et al. Avoiding 40% of the premature deaths in each country, 2010–30: review of national mortality trends to help quantify the UN Sustainable Development Goal for health. Lancet 2015; 385: 239–52.

World Population Ageing 2019 – Highlights. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division; 2019.

Improving survival in the community

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Silver AE, Tobin JM, Crawford SA, et al. The Influence of Scenario-Based Training and Real-Time Audiovisual Feedback on Out-of-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality and Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Ann Emerg Med 2013.

Yong WW, Kua PH, Soon SS, Pek PP, Hock Ong ME. DARE Train-the-Trainer Pedagogy Development Using 2-Round Delphi Methodology. Biomed Res Int 2016:9 pages.

Kim TH, Lee YJ, Lee EJ, Ro YS, Lee K, Lee H, et al. Comparison of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality Between Standard Versus Telephone-Basic Life Support Training Program in Middle-Aged and Elderly Housewives: A Randomized Simulation Study. Simul Health 2018;13:27–32.

Viereck S, Møller TP, Ersbøll AK, Folke F, Lippert F. Effect of bystander CPR initiation prior to the emergency call on ROSC and 30 day survival—An evaluation of 548 emergency calls. Resuscitation 2017;111:55–61.

Wu Z, Panczyk M, Spaite DW, Hu C, Fukushima H, Langlais B, et al. Telephone cardiopulmonary resuscitation is independently associated with improved survival and improved functional outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 2018;122:135–40.

Hardeland C, Skåre C, Kramer-Johansen J, Birkenes TS, Myklebust H, Hansen AE, et al. Targeted simulation and education to improve cardiac arrest recognition and telephone assisted CPR in an emergency medical communication centre. Resuscitation 2017;114:21–6.

Tanaka Y, Taniguchi J, Wato Y, Yoshida Y, Inaba H. The continuous quality improvement project for telephone-assisted instruction of cardiopulmonary resuscitation increased the incidence of bystander CPR and improved the outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. Resuscitation 2012;83:1235–41.

Painter I, Chavez DE, Ike BR, Yip MP, Tu SP, Bradley SM, et al. Changes to DA-CPR instructions: Can we reduce time to first compression and improve quality of bystander CPR? Resuscitation 2014;85:1169–73.

Møller TP, Hansen CM, Fjordholt M, Pedersen BD, Østergaard D, Lippert FK. Debriefing bystanders of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is valuable. Resuscitation 2014;85:1504–11.

Oman G, Bury G. Use of telephone CPR advice in Ireland: Uptake by callers and delays in the assessment process. Resuscitation 2016;102:6–10.

Riou M, Ball S, Williams TA, Whiteside A, O’Halloran KL, Bray J, et al. ‘Tell me exactly what’s happened’: When linguistic choices affect the efficiency of emergency calls for cardiac arrest. Resuscitation 2017;117:58–65.

Linderoth G, Møller TP, Folke F, Lippert FK, Østergaard D. Medical dispatchers’ perception of visual information in real out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a qualitative interview study. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019;27:8.

Ro YS, Shin SD, Lee YJ, Lee SC, Song KJ, Ryoo HW, et al. Effect of Dispatcher-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Program and Location of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest on Survival and Neurologic Outcome. Ann Emerg Med 2017;69 (1):52–61.

Nishi T, Kamikura T, Funada A, Myojo Y, Ishida T, Inaba H. Are regional variations in activity of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests outcomes? A nation-wide population-based cohort study. Resuscitation 2016;98:27–34.

Nikolaou N, Dainty KN, Couper K, Morley P, Tijssen J, Vaillancourt C, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of dispatcher-assisted CPR on outcomes from sudden cardiac arrest in adults and children. Resuscitation 2019;138:82–105.

Lee YJ, Hwang S, Shin SD, Lee SC, Song KJ. Effect of National Implementation of Telephone CPR Program to Improve Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: an Interrupted Time-Series Analysis. J Korean Med Sci 2018;33:e328.

Takei Y, Nishi T, Matsubara H, Hashimoto M, Inaba H. Factors associated with quality of bystander CPR: the presence of multiple rescuers and bystander-initiated CPR without instruction. Resuscitation 2014;85:492–8.

Tanaka S, Tsukigase K, Hara T, Sagisaka R, Myklebust H, Birkenes TS, et al. Effect of real-time visual feedback device ‘Quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (QCPR) Classroom’ with a metronome sound on layperson CPR training in Japan: a cluster randomized control trial. BMJ Open 2019;9:e026140.

Tanaka S, Hara T, Tsukigase K, Sagisaka R, Myklebust H, Birkenes TS, et al. A pilot study of Practice While Watch based 50 min school quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation classroom training: a cluster randomized control trial. Acute Med Surg 2020;7.

Kong SY, Song KJ, Shin SD, Ro YS, Myklebust H, Birkenes TS, et al. Effect of real-time feedback during cardiopulmonary resuscitation training on quality of performances: A prospective cluster-randomized trial. Hong Kong J Emerg Me 2019.

Kurz MC, Bobrow BJ, Buckingham J, Cabanas JG, Eisenberg M. Telecommunicator Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2020;141:12 686–700.

Quality care in hospital

Makary MA, Daniel M. Medical error—the third leading cause of death in the US. BMJ 2016:i2139.

Global strategy on human resources for health: Workforce 2030. World Health Organization; 2016.

Working for Health and Growth. Investing in the Health Workforce. High-Level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth. World Health Organization; 2016.

Drennan VM, Ross F. Global nurse shortages—the facts, the impact and action for change. British Medical Bulletin 2019;130:25–37.

Oermann, MH, Kardong-Edgren, SE, Odom-Maryon, T. Effects of monthly practice on nursing students’ CPR psychomotor skill performance. Resuscitation. 2011;82:447–453.

Cheng A et al. Resuscitation Education Science: Educational Strategies to Improve Outcomes from Cardiac Arrest: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2018;138:6;e82-122.

Goldshtein D, Krensky C, Doshi S, Perelman VS. In situ simulation and its effects on patient outcomes: a systematic review. BMJ STEL 2020;6:3–9.

Armenia S, Thangamathesvaran L, Caine A, King N, Kunac A, Merchant A. The Role of High-Fidelity Team-Based Simulation in Acute Care Settings: A Systematic Review. Surg J 2018;04:e136–51.

McCoy E, Rahman A, Rendon J, Anderson C, Langdorf M, Lotfipour S, et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of Simulation vs. Standard Training for Teaching Medical Students High-quality Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. WestJEM 2018;20:15–22.

Riley W, Begun JW, Meredith L, Miller KK, Connolly K, Price R, et al. Integrated Approach to Reduce Perinatal Adverse Events: Standardized Processes, Interdisciplinary Teamwork Training, and Performance Feedback. Health Serv Res 2016;51 Suppl 3:2431–52.

Theilen U, Fraser L, Jones P, Leonard P, Simpson D. Regular in-situ simulation training of paediatric Medical Emergency Team leads to sustained improvements in hospital response to deteriorating patients, improved outcomes in intensive care and financial savings. Resuscitation 2017;115:61–7.

Barbeito A, Bonifacio A, Holtschneider M, Segall N, Schroeder R, Mark J. In Situ Simulated Cardiac Arrest Exercises to Detect System Vulnerabilities: Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2015;10:154–62.

Skåre C, Calisch TE, Saeter E, Rajka T, Boldingh AM, Nakstad B, et al. Implementation and effectiveness of a video-based debriefing programme for neonatal resuscitation. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2018;62:394–403.

Global Stroke Fact Sheet. World Stroke Organization.

Johnson CO, Nguyen M, Roth GA, Nichols E, Alam T, Abate D, et al. Global, regional, and national burden of stroke, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet Neurology 2019;18:439–58.

Fernandes D, Umasankar U. Improving Door to Needle time in Patients for Thrombolysis. BMJ Qual Improv Report 2016;5:u212969.w5150.

Rudd KE, Johnson SC, Agesa KM, Shackelford KA, Tsoi D, Kievlan DR, et al. Global, regional, and national sepsis incidence and mortality, 1990–2017: analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. The Lancet 2020;395:200–11.

Ajmi SC, Advani R, Fjetland L, Kurz KD, Lindner T, Qvindesland SA, et al. Reducing door-to-needle times in stroke thrombolysis to 13 min through protocol revision and simulation training: a quality improvement project in a Norwegian stroke centre. BMJ Qual Saf 2019;28:939–48.

WHO Sepsis Fact Sheet.

Saving lives at birth in low-resource settings

Egenberg S, Masenga G, Bru LE, Eggebo TM, Mushi C, Massay D, et al. Impact of multi-professional, scenario-based training on postpartum hemorrhage in Tanzania: a quasi-experimental, pre- vs. post-intervention study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017;17:287-017-1478–2.

Kruk ME, Gage AD, Joseph NT, Danaei G, Garcia-Saiso S, Salomon JA. Mortality due to low-quality health systems in the universal health coverage era: a systematic analysis of amenable deaths in 137 countries. Lancet 2018.

National Academies of Sciences E. Crossing the Global Quality Chasm: Improving Health Care Worldwide. 2018.

Lawn JE, Bahl R, Bergstrom S, Bhutta ZA, Darmstadt GL, Ellis M, et al. Setting Research Priorities to Reduce Almost One Million Deaths from Birth Asphyxia by 2015. PLOS Medicine 2011;8:e1000389.

Lawn JE, Blencowe H, Oza S, You D, Lee AC, Waiswa P, et al. Every Newborn: progress, priorities, and potential beyond survival. The Lancet 2014;384:189–205.

Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, Chu Y, Perin J, Zhu J, et al. Global, regional, and national causes of under-5 mortality in 2000–15: an updated systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet 2016;388:3027–35.

Linde JE, Perlman JM, Øymar K, Schulz J, Eilevstjønn J, Thallinger M, et al. Predictors of 24-h outcome in newborns in need of positive pressure ventilation at birth. Resuscitation 2018;129:1–5.

Ersdal HL, Vossius C, Bayo E, Mduma E, Perlman JM, Lippert A, Søreide E. A one-day “Helping Babies Breathe” Course Improves Simulated Performance but not Clinical Management of Neonates. Resuscitation 2013; 84:1422-1427.

Mduma E, Ersdal H, Svensen E, Kidanto H, Auestad B, Perlman J. Frequent brief on-site simulation training and reduction in 24-hour neonatal mortality – an educational intervention study. Resuscitation 2015: 93:1-7.

Moshiro R, Perlman JM, Kidanto H, Kvaløy JT, Mdoe P, Ersdal HL. Predictors of death including quality of positive pressure ventilation during newborn resuscitation and the relationship to outcome at seven days in a rural Tanzanian hospital. PLoS ONE 2018;13:e0202641.

Moshiro R, Ersdal HL, Mdoe P, Kidanto HL, Mbekenga C. Factors affecting effective ventilation during newborn resuscitation: a qualitative study among midwives in rural Tanzania. Glob Health Action 2018;11:1423862.

Kc A, Ewald U, Basnet O, Gurung A, Pyakuryal SN, Jha BK, et al. Effect of a scaled-up neonatal resuscitation quality improvement package on intrapartum-related mortality in Nepal: A stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial. PLOS Medicine 2019;16:e1002900.

Lindbäck C, KC A, Wrammert J, Vitrakoti R, Ewald U, Målqvist M. Poor adherence to neonatal resuscitation guidelines exposed; an observational study using camera surveillance at a tertiary hospital in Nepal. BMC Pediatrics 2014;14:233.

 Gurung R, Gurung A, Sunny AK, Basnet O, Shrestha SK, Gomo ØH, et al. Effect of skill drills on neonatal ventilation performance in a simulated setting- observation study in Nepal. BMC Pediatr 2019;19:387.

]van Vonderen JJ, van Zanten HA, Schilleman K, Hooper SB, Kitchen MJ, Witlox RSGM, et al. Cardiorespiratory Monitoring during Neonatal Resuscitation for Direct Feedback and Audit. Front Pediatr 2016;4.

Kc A, Bergstrom A, Chaulagain D, Brunell O, Ewald U, Gurung A, et al. Scaling up quality improvement intervention for perinatal care in Nepal (NePeriQIP); study protocol of a cluster randomised trial. BMJ GlobHealth 2017;2:e000497-2017-000497. eCollection 2017.

Kc A, Wrammert J, Clark RB, Ewald U, Vitrakoti R, Chaudhary P, et al. Reducing Perinatal Mortality in Nepal Using Helping Babies Breathe. Pediatrics 2016;137:10.1542/peds.2015-0117.

Ersdal HL, Singhal N, Msemo G, Kc A, Data S, Moyo NT, et al. Successful implementation of Helping Babies Survive and Helping Mothers Survive programs—An Utstein formula for newborn and maternal survival. PLOS ONE 2017;12:e0178073.

Hug L, Alexander M, You D, Alkema L on behalf of UN Inter-agency Group for Child mortality Estimation. National, regional, and global levels and trends in neonatal mortality between 1990 and 2017, with scenario-based projections to 2030: a systematic analysis. The Lancet 2019;7;6: E710-720.